In May 2011, Agua Imara signed an acquisition agreement for a 51% shareholding in Lunsemfwa Hydro Power Company Ltd (LHPC), located in the central part of Zambia, close to the city of Kabwe.

LHPC currently owns two hydropower plants: Mulungushi Power Station and Lunsemfwa Power Station, with a combined generation capacity of 56 MW. The Mulungushi and Lunsemfwa Power Stations are from 1925 and 1945, respectively, and are in need of replacement.

LHPC has therefore commenced studies to replace the existing plants, and to further develop the Mulungushi and Lunsemfwa catchment areas. These studies involve the development of the new Mulughushi Power Station (MPS) and Muchinga Power Company (MPC). Together, these two projects will potentially add 250-350 MW to the Zambian grid, while improving infrastructure and local employment, as well as ensuring knowledge-transfer to the Zambian market.

Currently, LHPC is the only private power generating company being member of the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP).

LHPC has potential for further development. Studies have therefore been initiated by Agua Imara and its Zambian partners for further expansion of the company.

Mulungushi Power Station

The Mulungushi power station comprises a regulation reservoir, a canal and penstocks to a surface powerhouse. The power station (32 MW) has been developed in stages, with the first 2 MW unit installed in 1925 (replaced by a 10.5 MW unit in 2009). Two 6 MW units were added in 1927 and a third unit was installed in 1941. Mulungushi has today a capacity of 32 MW and is in need of an upgrade.

Lunsemfwa Power Station

Lunsemfwa power station comprises a reservoir, a canal and penstocks to a surface powerhouse. The power station was constructed in 1945 with two 6 MW units. The power plant was operated as a run-of-river scheme until 1958 when the Mita Hills dam was built. A third 6 MW unit was installed in 1961. With the fourth unit of 6 MW installed in 2012, Lunsemfwa has today a capacity of 24 MW.


LHPC fully owns the Muchinga Power Company, which has a license to develop a new hydropower plant with a potential capacity of 250-300 MW. The new Muchinga hydropower plant will harness the hydropower potential of the Lunsemfwa and Mkushi Rivers and would be located downstream of the existing Lunsemfwa plant.

35 km upstream of Lunsemfwa power station lies the Mita Hills dam and reservoir which provides regulation of the Lunsemfwa river. The reservoir provides in the order of 640 Mm3 of active storage and substantial regulation of the upstream catchment. Water is also collected from the unregulated catchment between the Mita Hills dam and current Lunsemfwa hydropower plant scheme.