The Philippines is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.

The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Mega Manila or the urban area is the 4th most populated city in the world with 24.6 mill people

As of January 2018, The Philippines was the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world.

Population is concentrated where the good farmlands lie; highest concentrations are northwest and south-central Luzon, the southeastern extension of Luzon, and the islands of the Visayan Sea, particularly Cebu and Negros; Manila is home to one-eighth of the entire national population.

In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy L√≥pez de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted  in Catholicism becoming the dominant religion.

As the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution quickly followed, which then spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War.
On 4 July 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence.

The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing.

It is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the East Asia Summit.